Introduction to Livestock Trade   

Livestock Trade as a Major Foreign Exchange Earner

The people of Puntland are blessed with vast natural resources of which livestock and fisheries are the backbone of the economy. Major destinations for the livestock exported from the Puntland state government are Yemen, Oman, Libya, United Arab Emirate, Kuwait, and Egypt. These two commodities form the basis of practically all trade and business activities, export and import.

The Barbarawe sheep and the short eared Somali goat are known internationally for palatability and taste. Young male cattle and camel stock that offers tender and high quality meat produced in range raised and organic production systems are also exported. No hormones or growth promoters are used.
The government has put sound measures to improve livestock quality and build the confidence of importing countries.

The Ministry of Livestock plays a significant role to ensure that livestock for export are healthy and of good quality through regular screening. Regularly mobile veterinary team headed by a local District Veterinary Officer and backstopped by international technical expertise visit water points such as dams, wells, boreholes to do disease surveillance and implement preventive and control measures such as vaccinations whenever necessary. The ministry is currently undertaking measures to rehabilitate the exiting export livestock laboratories in Bossaso and Galkacayo to control diseases out break in this region and to provide support for surveillance of priority trans-boundary disease required by the importing countries. The provision and facilities and rehabilitation of the project are currently being undertaken by the Somali Animal health service Project (SAHSP) and facilitated by the developing partners.

The Port Veterinary Office is exclusively mandated to handle livestock for export and undertakes thorough animal inspection and serological screening to ascertain the health status of the livestock before they reach the seaport.